Oct 2020 - Study, Result
Graph showing the electricity use profile for a 24 hour period

Power Explorer

Explore the electricity use patterns of UK households. Which has the greater impact on demand: children or dogs? Power explorer.

Aug 2020 - Result, Publication
Energy and Gender bargraph for housework

The gender divide in energy

Many energy models assume that women are responsible for more energy use than men. They do more housework after all. Our data challenges this assumption. While women do indeed report a higher number of household chores, their electricity demand appears to be lower. Find out what they do differently in this open access publication.

June 2020 - Result, Publication
Trust Gap

The Trust Gap

Less than half of UK citizens are happy to share location data for better heating control, and only 20% want to share it with their energy utility company. Smart solutions require more trust. Energy Research & Social Science.

15 May 2020 - Study, Result
Joju blog

The lockdown blog - early findings

Read how energy and activities have been affected by the lockdown in our guest blog at Joju Solar.

13 May 2020 - Study, Result
Lockdown rhythm

Changing rhythm

This is how lockdown affects the electricity grid. What used to be a regular weekly pattern (high demand during weekdays, low at weekends) has broken down. Variability is a challenge for system operators and forecasting demand is just as important as forecasting renewable generation.

12 May 2020 - Study, Result
Frequency and enjoyment change

Gardening and recreation increase enjoyment

Since the lockdown started we see more reporting of screentime, gardening and hot drinks. Washing/showers, work and (surprisingly) reading are down. Perhaps we should read more, given that it appears even more enjoyable, especially compared to screentime.

May 2020 - Study, Result
Lockdown rhythm

Response to COVID-19 lockdown

The activity patters we observe have changed dramatically. On average the day starts an hour later, more activities are reported in the morning and significantly fewer during the peak demand period in the early evening. This may have profound impacts on the timing energy use.

May 2020 - Study, Result
Lockdown demand

Reduction in demand

UK electricity demand has fallen. In a historic context this reduction is roughly equivalent to the last 6 years worth of energy savings. Thanks to sunny and windy weather, the emissions of our energy use are among the lowest we have ever seen. How much of this reduction can be sustained into the future?

Apr 2020 - Study, Result
How are you coping

How are we coping?

For some the lockdown is easy to cope with, others face serious difficulties. Help us understand these unusual times and learn about potential long term effects at

April 2020 - Study, Result

Oriel News

A short article about the opportunities arising for energy research under lockdown.

June 2020 - Result, Publication

Clustering the peaks

Our brilliant Rhodes scholar, Aven, has published his work on clustering of peak demand predictors. His models suggest that we should keep an eye on hot meals and screen time. Applied Energy.

Dec 2019 - Results Publications
Energy and Behaviour

Energy and Behaviour

Our findings about enjoyment and electricity use are now available in book form. See the chapter 3.1.

Oct 2019 - Results Publications
Specific contribution of activities paper

Keep calm and have a cuppa

This paper uses regression techniques to pinpoint which activities cause most electricity demand. Here is a surprise: even though having a cup of tea requires energy, having a hot drink slows us down enough to result in a net reduction during that hour. Next time we face a blackout, have a tea and read the paper (Open access).

July 2019 - Results Publications
UK Data Service

Data available for research

A record of Meter data and documentation is kept by the UK Data Service. DOI: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-8475-1

May 2019 - Results Publications

The (social) value of flexibility

Talk at the 2019 UKERC conference about some of our findings on YouTube

April 2019 - Results Publications

Machine learning from daily life

Springer Energy Efficiency

Daily life and demand - using regression techniques to understand which activities best explain our demand for different times of day. Energy Efficiency

December 2018 - Study Results

Tea or supper?

Tea for supper

When we ask people to use less electricity in the evening, they cut down on hot meals and have a cup of tea instead.

October 2018 - Study Results

16% demand reduction

Demand reduction

We can get a 16% reduction in electricity use, just by asking.

September 2018 - Study Results

The happiest activities

Read, Sleep, Socialise

Among the most enjoyable activities are sleeping, reading and socialising. These also use very little electricity.

June 2018 - Results Publications

The footprint of household activities


One cannot simply assume that certain activities lead to higher electricity use. Read why

May 2018 - Results Publications

Daily life and demand


Dwelling and appliance variables can explain 46% of average electricity use. Can we do better? Read the paper

February 2018 - Results Publications

Flexibility, dynamism and diversity in energy supply and demand


How can we be more flexible (and why do we need to)? Read the paper

Jun 2017 - Study Results

Data Gallery


Explore Meter Data

May 2017 - Results Publications

Activity data published

Activity diagram

Activity data presented at ECEEE conference in France

Apr 2017 - Study Results

Meter Reading

Meter Reading

We reached 16 million electricity readings (4500 hours worth) and our participants have recorded nearly 6000 activities. Read our Meter Reading

Mar 2017 - Results

Browse the data

Household profiles

Explore household profiles

September 2016 - Study Results

Meter Reading

Meter Reading

Over 6 million electricity readings and the first 1000 activities have been collected. Read more